Wear sunscreen

Sunblock Sunglasses Skincare Hat Summer Su

Skin cancer occurs when skin cells are damaged, as an example, from overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight.

There are three main types of skin cancer:

• Basal cell carcinoma

• Squamous cell carcinoma

• Melanoma – the most dangerous form of membrane cancer

Both basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are referred to as non-melanoma membrane cancer.

Two in three Australians will be diagnosed with Pest Removal membrane cancer from the time they are 70, with over 434,000 people treated for one or more non-melanoma membrane cancers in Australia annually. Non-melanoma skin cancer is more common in men, with almost double the incidence in comparison with women.

Excluding non-melanoma skin cancer,* melanoma is the third most common cancer in Australian women and the fourth most common cancer in males, and the most common cancer in Australians aged 15-44 years. In 2012, 12,036 Australians were diagnosed with melanoma.

Each Year, in Australia:

• skin cancers account for around 80% of all newly diagnosed cancers

• between 95 and 99% of skin cancers are caused by exposure to sunlight

• GPs have more than 1 million patient consultations per year for skin cancer

• The incidence of skin cancer is among the greatest in the world, two to three times the rates in Canada, the US and the UK.

*Non-melanoma skin cancers are not notified to cancer registries.

Assess for signs of skin cancer

The sooner a skin cancer is identified and treated, the better your chance of avoiding surgery or, in the case of a significant melanoma or other skin cancer, potential disfigurement or even death.

Additionally it is a good idea to talk to your doctor about your level of risk and for advice on early detection.

It’s important to get to know your skin and what is normal for you, so you notice any changes. Skin cancers rarely hurt and are a whole lot more often seen than felt.

Develop a routine habit of checking your skin for new spots and adjustments to existing freckles or moles.

The best way to check your skin

• Make sure you check your whole body as skin cancers can sometimes occur in areas of the body not exposed to sunlight, for example soles of the feet, between fingers and toes and under nails.

• Undress completely and ensure you have good light.

• Use a mirror to check hard to see spots, like your back and scalp, or get a family member, partner or friend to check it for you.

There are three main forms of skin cancer- melanoma (like nodular melanoma), basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.

Melanoma

• Most deadly form of skin cancer.

• If left untreated can spread to other parts of the body.

• Appears as a new spot or an existing place that changes in color, shape or size.

Can appear on skin not normally exposed to sunlight.

Nodular melanoma

• appears different from common melanomas. Raised and even in colour.

• Many are red or pink and some are black or brown.

• They are firm to touch and dome-shaped.

Basal cell carcinoma

• Most common, least dangerous type of skin cancer.

• Red, pale or pearly in colour, appears as a lump or dry, scaly area.

• May ulcerate or neglect to completely heal.

• Grows slowly, usually on areas that are often exposed to the sun.

Squamous cell carcinoma

• Grows over some months, usually on areas often exposed to sunlight.

• More likely to occur in people over 50 years of age.

ABCD melanoma detection manual

A is for Asymmetry – Look for spots that lack symmetry. That is, if a line was drawn through the middle, the two sides wouldn’t match up.

B is for Border – A spot with a dispersing or irregular edge (notched).

C is for Colour – Blotchy spots with a number of colours like blue, black, red, white or grey.

D is for Diameter – Look for stains which are getting bigger.

These are a few changes to look out for when assessing your skin for signs of any cancer:

• An outline of a mole that becomes notched.

• A spot that changes color from brown to black or is diverse.

• A place that becomes raised or develops a bulge within it.

• The surface of a mole getting rough, scaly or ulcerated.

• Moles that bleed or weep.

• Spots that looks different from the others.

Mole or skin cancer?

Almost all people have moles. Moles aren’t normally present at birth, but appear in childhood and early teenage years. By age 15, Australian children have an average of more than 50 moles.

Normal moles usually look alike. See your doctor if a mole looks different or if a new mole appears after the age of 25. The more moles a person have, the greater the risk of melanoma.

• Uniform in form and even coloured. May be raised.

• The more moles or freckles you’ve got the higher your chance of skin cancer.

• May have irregular borders and a number of colors like brown and black.

• Observe moles carefully for any indication of change.

Although you may notice one or more skin changes, it does not necessarily mean that you have skin cancer however it is important that you visit your GP to get them investigated further. Your GP can discuss your skin cancer risk and advise you on your requirement for medical checks or self-examination.

It can be tricky to know whether something in your skin is a harmless mole or normal sun damage, or a sign of cancer. When in doubt, speak to your GP.

What’s my skin type?

Skin types that are more sensitive to ultraviolet (UV) radiation burn more quickly and therefore are at a greater risk of skin cancer.

All skin types can be ruined by too much UV radiation. Skin types that are more sensitive to UV radiation burn faster and therefore are at a greater risk of skin cancer.

People with naturally very dark skin (usually skin type V or VI) still should be careful in sunlight even though they may rarely, if ever, get sunburnt. The larger quantity of melanin in very dark skin provides natural protection against UV radiation. This means the possibility of skin cancer is reduced.

High levels of UV radiation have also been linked to harmful effects on the immune system.

Individuals with very dark skin don’t typically have to apply sunscreen (but this remains a personal decision) but they should wear sunglasses or hats to protect their eyes.

Vitamin D deficiency might be a greater health concern for individuals with naturally very dark skin, as it is more difficult for people with this skin type to make vitamin D. People with naturally darker skin may need up to three to six times more sun exposure to aid with their vitamin D levels.

Skin types

Type I

Tends to get freckles, red or fair hair, blue or green eyes.

Type II

usually burns, sometimes tans.

Type III

sometimes burns, usually tans. Tends to have brown eyes and hair.

Type IV

Rarely burns, often tans. Tends to have dark brown hair and eyes.

Type V

Dark brown skin. Rarely burns, tans profusely.

Type VI

Deeply pigmented, dark brown to black skin. Never burns.

Is there a tornado coming?

Tornado Weather Storm Disaster Danger Clou

Although tornadoes tend to stay east of the Rocky Mountains, they also have happened in pretty much every state. In other words, you might be affected regardless of where you live. This means that tornadoes should be on everyone’s list as something to be prepared for.

Animals Flying – Wildlife Trapping services in Orlando Florida

When I think of tornadoes, my first idea is a funnel cloud hurling cows through the atmosphere. I’ve never been around a real tornado, but the movie Twister definitely prepared me for flying bovine if I ever find myself near one.

And then, after the image of the cow flies off into the sunset, I ask myself,”What do I really know about tornadoes, and how will I know if one is coming?”

Terrific questions, Self.

As tornadoes tend to start showing up more prevalently in the spring (and spring has just about sprung), allow me to share with you how you can know if a tornado is on its way for a trip.

Needless to say, the easiest method is to get your TV or radio on. Those have a tendency to come only about 13 minutes before the actual tornado, and can actually arrive much faster. That being said, not every area will receive a broadcast warning, so knowing the signs of an impending tornado is quite important.

Although tornadoes can be massive and devastating, they at least have the decency to give us some warning signals before they formally arrive. These six signs should help you identify tornado threats.

A Rotating, funnel shaped cloud extending from a thunderstorm to the ground.

Funnel Cloud

Alright, so this one is one of the more obvious ones. Tornadoes have to form somewhere, so in case you see a funnel cloud beginning to form, this is a really good sign a tornado is on its way. When the weather gets tough, you may want to keep your eye on the skies, just in case.

A dark, occasionally green, sky

green sky

This is another reason why it’s a good idea to see the skies during storms. The sky is not always green, however, so don’t be fooled if the sky is simply very, very dim.

Occasionally the funnel of a tornado won’t be visible. Yet. By noticing a cloud of debris approaching (especially at ground level), that may be a great sign that something much more dangerous is on its way.

A loud roar (like a freight train)

This is especially useful if you do not live near a railroad. Tornadoes give off a constant rumble, much like that of a train.

A strange calm after a thunderstorm

It’s not uncommon for a tornado to occur after a thunderstorm. Don’t be surprised if you find a clear, calm skies in the tornado’s wake.

Debris falling from the skies

If debris begins falling from the sky like rain, chances are you will want to seek cover.

Damage

Are you prepared for a tornado’s devastation?

So there you have it. If you keep those six things in mind before and during storms, then you should not be caught off guard by a tornado.

Kids on a plane

Silhouette of Airplane during Sunset

Every air traveller’s worst nightmare appears to be getting stuck next to a screaming child for an 8 hour flight. When your kid’s parent, the nightmare can be worse. You don’t need to hold your breath and hope for the best. Here are some tips for flying with children without alienating other passengers in the procedure.

Keep your expectations realistic – air travel can be tough on children (as well as adults). Do not expect perfect behavior, and do not freak out if your child act up. Stay calm so you can deal with whatever issues come up.

Explain the procedures. Prepare children for what they are likely to encounter during the trip, ie audiences, delays, lines etc..

I recently took my kids from Perth Australia to Los Angeles with direct connecting flights via Dubai. In hindsight now I would have preferred an overnight in Dubai to rest, shower and have a wonderful meal, before tackling the second 16 hour leg of the flight. Our excursion was 27 flying hours in total with a two hour lay over in Dubai, we arrived exhausted without a clue what day or time zone we were in. Based on the time of your children decide which type of trip is suitable for your family best.

Schedule naps. If possible select a flight that coincides with your kid’s sleep schedule. If they can take a rest at their usual time, or get a great night’s sleep on a red eye, they will be more refreshed and better behaved upon arrival at your destination.

Meals – if you child is a fussy eater they may not like airplane kids meals. Bring their favorite snacks and meals for one part of the journey at least. Hungry kids are agitated kids in tiny environments.

Visit the doctor before flight – check there are no illness’s or ear infections. Also check what medications you can bring if on international flights in the event of illness whilst away. You don’t want to get stuck at customs as you have brought medication not permitted in that country.

Dress for comfort – loose fitting garments around the waist, pack a jumper, and bring spare clothes in case of spills. If your child is not night time toilet trained attract nappies too. I always fly with spare clothes, toothbrushes, hairbrushes etc so you can feel refreshed when flying.

Bring toys or small teddies to occupy your kids when flying. Some airlines have consoles with TV and radio, but not all airlines, so pack a small lightweight item to entertain your children.

Last of all give your children movement breaks at least every hour, otherwise they’ll feel like caged animals. Children are energetic and like to play and do not deal well with being confined for long amounts of time.

Good luck parents I hope using these tips will provide you a more enjoyable flight on your next journey.

 

Information about lightning

Purple Thunder Storm during Nighttime

As we enter mid-spring and the weather finally begins to warm up a bit, we expect to see quite a few thunderstorms in Oregon. Inspiring awe in certain while scaring the trousers off others (but not ME, I am definitely not scared of lightning. No sir,) it is no surprise that cultures all over the world associate lightning with deity. But what precisely is it?

During an electrical storm, the upper section of the storm clouds has a positive charge and the lower part has a negative charge. It is not quite clear how the clouds attain these charges in the first place, but one theory is that different kinds of liquid (vapor, water and ice droplets) collide as they rise and fall inside a cloud. In the crash, electrons are knocked from the moisture and they gather at the base of the cloud, creating the negative charge. It’s thought that rising moisture then carries a positive charge to the peak of the cloud. The charge separation within the cloud is what creates an electric field, the strength of which is linked to the quantity of charge buildup in the cloud.

When the electric charge within the cloud becomes quite strong, the air becomes ionized (the positive ions and electrons are spaced further apart than before and the electrons can move more freely.) The powerful ionization causes the air to begin to break down, allowing for currents to flow in an effort to neutralize the charge. These currents are called leaders, and they provide a route through the cloud for the lightning to follow. The first (or stepped) leader doesn’t move smoothly, but jumps in a jagged fashion. Many leaders form at the same time, but the first one to make contact with the ground is the one that gets the lightning.

The entire process is a bit more complicated, but there you have the basics of how lightning is formed. Lightning is much too strong for even the best of surge protectors to protect against, and it may reach temperatures of 54,000 °F. (For comparison- the surface of the sun is only about 9,900 °F.) A single ampere of current is all it takes to kill a human!

Lightning is a complex phenomenon with many exceptions and variations.

For example, do you understand:

If you saw photos of the eruption of Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull that erupted in 2010, you might have seen lightning within the plumes of smoke and thought that they definitely need to be photoshopped. Not so!

There’s still research being conducted to the definitive cause behind lightning within the smoke plumes of volcanoes, but the overall consensus involves, of all things, dust. The idea is that dust/smoke/ash particles carry little charges which become amplified during the chaos of rushing from a volcano. With every collision of one particle with a different one, the charges become increasingly polarized until lightning is unavoidable since the polarization becomes too great for the atmosphere to withstand the flow of electricity. The lightning neutralizes the charge separation, basically relieving the tension of polarization.

There is another lesser known sort of volcanic lightning, however, which happens right at the mouth of the volcano and is much less orderly (not the ordinary branching, bolting lightning we’re used to seeing), manifesting as chaotic sparks likely as the result of a hefty charge within the volcano itself.

How Many Different Kinds of Lightning There Are?

The answer to this question depends on who you ask, and what you consider a”kind” of lightning. The Common classifications are as follows:

Cloud-to-cloud (intercloud, which is lightning moving between different clouds, and intracloud, that’s lightning moving in the same cloud).

Cloud-to-ground (Less common but more dangerous than cloud to cloud.

Cloud-to-sky (Also called sprites, cloud-to-sky lightning occurs in the upper atmosphere. They lack the hot temperatures of other types of lightning, and usually have a reddish-orange hue.)

Lightning can be sometimes further specified as:

Ribbon lightning (Successive strokes of lightning are displaced by wind, leading to a broadened appearance, almost like a double-exposed photo).

Bead lightning (The decay of the luminosity of the bolt of lightning, resulting in a beaded appearance. This occurs very quickly and is hard to capture.)

St. Elmo’s Fire this isn’t really lightning, but often closely associated with it and seen during electrical storms. St. Elmo’s Fire (not to be confused with ball lightning as it often is) is caused by a gap in electric charge. It’s made of plasma (ionized atmosphere that emits a glow) and, while lightning is the movement of power from a charged point, St. Elmo’s Fire is a coronal discharge that sparks up at the place where there is a drastic difference in charge between the atmosphere and an object such as the mast of a boat or the steeple of a church. St. Elmo’s Fire is exactly the identical thing that occurs in a fluorescent tube- basically a continuous spark, glowing blue due to the particular mix of air molecules. It may also choose a purple color.

St. Elmo’s Fire is quite tricky to find accurate images or videos of. Many videos exist that claim to be St. Elmo’s Fire but are actually just static discharge (a frequent occurrence around airplanes in the middle of storms). An easy way to tell the difference is that St. Elmo’s Fire doesn’t look like lightning- instead it emits a continuous glow.

Ball lightning- The most mysterious type of”lightning”, there is some dispute among scientists as to whether ball lightning really exists. Arc faults along power lines (which appear as large, impossibly bright balls of light) and photographic anomalies are both to blame for the confusion.

How to Stay Safe During a Thunderstorm?

Lightning regularly strikes water, so never go swimming or boating during a storm. If you are in the water when a storm begins, get out of the water as quickly as you can.
Lightning strikes will follow anything that conducts electricity, so stay off your mobile telephone in a storm and flip off/unplug your computers. If lightning strikes your house, even the most powerful of surge protectors will have trouble protecting your equipment. (Radio waves do not conduct electricity, so as long as your mobile phone isn’t plugged into an outlet and you are not standing outside during the storm with the metal apparatus held to your face, it is safe to use it. They don’t strangely”attract” lightning more than any other object with metal inside ).
Lightning does in fact strike twice (the Empire State building is struck 20-25 times a year), so don’t rely on old adages for your safety details.
If you’re caught in a thunderstorm and can’t get inside to security, crouch low to the ground but don’t lay flat. Try to maintain as much of your body from touching the floor as you can, because you are in more danger of being injured by currents traveling across the floor after a lightning strike than of being stricken straight by a bolt.
A flash-to-bang (seeing lightning to hearing thunder) ratio of 5 seconds equals one mile of distance from the lightning. Ten seconds equals two miles, etc..
One has only to view an electric storm themselves to understand why so many individuals have connected lightning and thunder with deity. A few popular myths and legends about lightning:

Zeus (Jupiter to the Romans) is the planetary god of thunder, and his principal weapon is the thunderbolt (given to him by the Cyclops).
The Thunderbird common to North American indigenous cultures is said to make thunder by the beating of its wings, and lightning is created by glowing snakes it carries or directly from its eyes.
There’s a lot more to learn about lightning in all of its various incarnations. It’s a stark reminder of the incredible strong forces of nature that surround us on all sides. Regardless of how much we learn about it on a scientific level, we might always be inclined to associate with this unbelievable force with deity.

organize your home

Shelf, Old, Stock, Container, Industry

Your house may be cluttered as a result of bad habits making your house and office organizing tasks very tricky. You can live peacefully in your home just when you keep the house fully decluttered and as such you should never postpone the decluttering work. Do the organizing clutter job every day even in small installments, either by yourself or do it by others. Avoid the practice of hoarding collections such as shoes, clothes, CDs, magazines, books, etc.. Be ruthless in going through and selecting them for rapid disposal on a regular basis.

Now let’s learn some organizing tips to know how to declutter a home and in a better way. Give a relaxation to your wallet and avoid frequent buying of stuff. Whenever you bringing a new item into your property, ensure that you eliminate something else to the storage space. You can make it a policy to remove and dispose two old things for every single entry of a new item. Set yourself a kitchen timer for twenty or ten minutes to focus on your decluttering job. Avoid distraction during the period and don’t involve yourself in any other routine jobs. Maintaining the unwanted gifts also make a lot of clutter. Go ahead and declutter for organizing the house and to keep your house under control.

Better home and office organizing can also help in making the environment clean as such actions also help in organizing clutter. When you moved for the first time in your house you may not have felt any clutter. But in the future you find it difficult to handle a cluttered household. Due to a busy lifestyle, you may tend to accumulate many things which you really do not need any more. Mostly clutter is caused by items such as newspapers, magazines, trinkets sitting on shelves and dust. As you need to start a long journey, only with a small step, you need to make a small beginning of your decluttering project by starting the job in the room entrance. You can quickly proceed to each section of your house by taking three or more boxes with you, the first one for keeping useful things, the second box for dumping unnecessary things and keep the third box for putting things that need to be temporarily stored. When you have enough time, you can examine the boxes and treat them accordingly.

You have to pose yourself the question, how to declutter home. You can keep things together for creating your decluttering task easier. Do not throw a coffee cup or a towel for picking this up later. You have to eliminate laziness and learn new customs to wash your home. Now that you’ve learned how to declutter house, you have to begin now without postponing for tomorrow.

Do you need a pool cover?

Last month, a thirteen foot python was found in a Miami residential swimming pool. Occasionally, both wild and domestic animals find their way to swimming pools and pose a difficulty to both owners and swimmers.

Free stock photo of relaxation, water, tree, swimming pool

The Burmese python was spotted curled up in the corner of the pool and proprietor Suladie Miranda called 911. The snake was removed by Miami-Dade Fire Rescue’s Venom Unit. However, investigators guessed that this python particularly could have been an escaped exotic pet, meaning that this scenario is possible anywhere that pets are kept.

In other words-everywhere.

This is dangerous for a few reasons. First, what if the pool owners had jumped into the pool without surveying it? Relative to other snakes, pythons are docile, but they can be aggressive feeders. This threat is true for all kinds of predatory animals. Alligators and semi-aquatic snakes such as cottonmouths and pythons can occasionally be found in residential and commercial pools. Before getting into the swimming pool, scan it to make certain that no unwelcome guests have come for a visit. Check the filter, also, where smaller animals can end up.

A few years back, a neighbor’s pet buffalo was found wading in a Georgia man’s swimming pool. Other non-predatory animals frequently unintentionally fall into the pool, such as raccoons and opossums, and sometimes drown. These animals, occasionally, can be harmful, but another issue is contamination. These exceptional cases can upset the sanitation in a sense that the average pool owner doesn’t know how to fix.

If you find an animal in your pool, call the regional authorities or animal control. Attempting to fish it out yourself, even if it’s lifeless, can be risky.

The question is, how do you stop situations like these? One answer is a pool cover and gate. However, in the event of the Georgian buffalo, the animal broke through the cover, and, as found from the New Port Richie alligator pool invader last April, they can get through enclosures, too.

Another solution is a pool alarm. Pool alarms track the pool’s surface for disruptions. That means an alarm will sound anytime creatures enter the pool. This way, you will have the chance to find the animal removed before the pool gets contaminated even worse or until the animal becomes a security threat.

The alarm is not only good for preventing animals going into the pool but for unsupervised children and unwanted adults, too.

Gobble Gobble

Turkey, Bird, Species

Well, it appears that in those days everywhere you looked there was a wild turkey strutting about. Not just that, but he admired the gorgeous mating display when the male’s tail feathers were unfurled in all their glory.

Nowadays we are more familiar with the domesticated white turkey that we enjoy at Thanksgiving. Incidentally, why is the domestic turkey white? Many years ago our wild turkey was bred with the Mexican turkey resulting in the color change. There is still evidence of the wild turkey in the dark brown tail tips of the kind we eat today.

Should You Feed Wild Turkeys?

There is a long-standing controversy over whether people should interfere with the natural course of things. They scratch in the dirt and overturn branches and leaves. When you have a foot of snow covered by a coating of ice, it’s extremely difficult to do any scratching for food. That’s the reason I am a strong advocate of collecting acorns in the autumn so that I can leave them under my bird feeders for the turkeys when snow is heavy. I also scatter sunflower seeds and cracked corn in addition to the snow to the wild turkeys. I get a great satisfaction from helping them to survive the worst winter conditions.

Turkeys are omnivorous. Besides acorns, they love all other kinds of nuts: hickory nuts, hazel nuts, butternuts, etc.. Fruit is another part of their diet, in addition to sunflower and other flower and weed seeds, insects and salamanders. We’ve got loads of salamanders hiding under rocks in our woods, and there is no shortage of insects either.

I’ll never forget one particular morning when I started up in the woods for a walk. All of a sudden I heard this wing beating and peeping and clucking sounds high in the trees over my head. I had disturbed a flock of wild turkeys that had been roosting in the tall white pines! At sunset turkeys fly up into the trees to roost for the night. They are much safer there than on the floor where foxes, wild dogs, coyotes, etc. find them easy night prey.

How Fast Can They Fly?

These amazing birds can go from zero to 55 mph in a very few seconds. They are also able to run. Their top running speed is 20 mph! They maintain a great steady walking pace also. Covering a few miles per day is normal for them.

How Many Infants Do They Have?

A female turkey will pick a bush in the forests under which she’ll lay a clutch of tan and brown speckled eggs from 4 to 17 in number. Mama will indulge her chicks by feeding them, but only for the first couple of days. She roosts on the floor with her babies, also known as’poults’, during this time. After that they’re on their own and quickly learn to forage for themselves. However, her young will travel with her at a flock all year right through the winter.

We Have All Seen Tom Turkeys, But What Do the Hens Look Like?

A Hen Turkey’s head has a blue/black color, while the Tom Turkey has a red head with a white spot on the top. Male turkeys are quiet, secretive and elusive most of the time. However when they are trying to secure their harem of hens, they make clucking and peeping sounds, and sometimes a low drumming comes from deep in their throats.

The female is a drab brown/black colour and quite thin in the spring. But come autumn all of the turkeys take on a much plumper shape. The other flap of skin that hangs over their beaks is called a’snood’. Both may turn bright red when the turkey is agitated or excited.

How Heavy Do Wild Turkeys Become?

Having to make their way from the wild retains turkeys slimmer than their national counterparts. They’ll weigh from 5 to 19 lbs. Their body measures a hefty 3- to almost 4 feet with a wingspan of 4 to almost 5 feet!

How Long Do Turkeys Live?

The average life span of a turkey in the wild is just 3 or 4 decades. Considering all the predators out there and the survival challenges, you can see why that’s the case.

Also, their territories are shrinking rapidly. Their fondness for hardwood forests which are connected to grassy fields provides them with good food resources, roosting and hiding places. Unfortunately, hardwood forests are being cut down to supply materials for human habitation.

Despite their size, these terrific birds can take to the air in an explosive burst of speed. They can turn their heads up to 270 degrees, and they have excellent hearing and vision. They could dazzle us with their courtship displays and dances.

I think Old Ben was right. They could have made an superb national symbol!

Information about Tarantulas

Free stock photo of animal, hairy, spider, wildlife

Tarantulas have been a relatively popular pet now for many years. They are unique, quiet, and need little space, and keeping tarantulas as pets can create a fascinating hobby. In fact, tarantulas are one of the very low maintenance yet exotic pets you’ll discover. Additionally, tarantulas are mild and can be trained quite well as pets.

As with other spiders, they have 8 legs, and 8 eyes close together. Beyond this, there are some very interesting and distinguishing characteristics that set them apart from other spiders. They have very hairy legs and bodies, and can live about 30 years. They spin no webs but capture prey by pursuit and fighting. Many tarantulas also”speak” by make a hissing sound by rubbing their limbs or front legs against each other.

There are over 800 species of tarantula. They are native to many locations and climates in the wild. They are roughly divided into two groups:”old world” (from the eastern hemisphere) and”new world” (in the western hemisphere). Concerning pet care, they are further divided into desert or tropical species, and ground-dwelling or aboreal (tree-dwelling).

Tarantulas range in size from only an inch or so to comparative giants measuring nearly a foot across. However, the vast majority of species remain small enough to be safely and comfortably housed in a standard 5 to 10 gallon terrarium or aquarium tank (a cover should be provided to prevent escape).

The majority of tarantulas are black (most males) or brown (most females), but some species exhibit dramatic colors. The Mexican Red-Legged Tarantula has glowing red leg markings and Cobalt Blue Tarantula has legs colored deep blue. The level of coloring varies with the species and geographical location. Even”plain” brown spiders vary greatly in shade from a gentle tan, through red brown to dark brown.

As an example of the pet tarantula, a great and popular selection for the start spider proprietor is the pink rose or the Chilean Rose tarantula. It grows to a manageable size of 3 to 4 inches and has a comparatively mild temperament. They are naturally docile and slow moving animals that can be readily handled by the novice keeper with some care. The floor dweller is a far simpler habitat to replicate to make your spider feel at home and be comfortable.

Yet another intriguing phenomenon displayed by the tarantula is molting. Tarantulas have exoskeletons and do not have internal skeletons. Exoskeletons don’t allow for growth so for the tarantula to grow it has to molt out of its old exoskeleton. Adult tarantulas molt once or twice per year, and baby tarantulas molt more often as they’re growing so quickly.

Observing the molting of tarantulas is surely among the most exciting adventures in keeping them. If you notice that your tarantula on its rear, it is probably molting. Most tarantulas will fast for about a week until the molting starts and they definitely won’t eat during the molting. It takes several days for the new exoskeleton to harden. Molting is stressful on a spider, and it is also completely vulnerable at that time, so don’t handle or disturb it at all at this moment, but observe with fascination!

As we mentioned at the beginning, tarantulas are one of the most low maintenance pets you will discover. And once a habitat is initially set up, the only essential things left to do is a weekly or twice-a-week feeding, and regular misting of this habitat with some room-temperature bottled water to keep proper humidity.

For meals, live crickets or some other similar insects can be bought at the neighborhood pet shop, but you should not catch and feed into your tarantula insects from the wild because of the possibility of pesticides and other contaminants. A couple of crickets per feeding is usually good, depending on the size of your tarantula. Water should be constantly available for your tarantula to drink, and must be extended in a dish that is large enough for the tarantula to fit its body in but not too heavy so that it won’t accidentally drown.

You should try and maintain the tarantula’s enclosure clean. Insects that you feed your spider might be somewhat messy when the spider is done swallowing it so clean the remains up. The spider’s excrement is easily cleaned up with a tissue or paper towel. With regular light housekeeping, the caging material and cage need not be cleaned out more than a once or twice a year.

For humidity, desert species could be sprayed lightly about once weekly, and rain forest dwellers as much as once per day. Tropical species require higher humidity from 75% to 100%. Most tarantulas can be maintained comfortably in a temperature range of 70 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit, and this means little or no supplemental heating must maintain these animals. Having a humidity gauge and a thermometer is a great idea simply to make sure your spider’s conditions are about right. Glass containers especially can get very hot which can kill your tarantula. Also, added lighting is not needed and can be detrimental.

For greatest enjoyment for both you the pet owner as well as your pet, you can decorate your tarantula’s habitat a little bit. It is not difficult to design a simple, yet aesthetically pleasing and naturally beautiful enclosure. Simple experimentation will reveal what works for you and for your pet. In actuality, designing and decorating your pet’s habitat can be one of the most fun and creative experiences in keeping a tarantula! It’s a good idea to look into the roots, behaviors, and needs of those species that interests you before you buy it or start filling and decorating a habitat.

As mentioned, some species come from harsh deserts, and these tarantulas are inclined to be ground-dwelling burrowers. Others live high in the rainforest canopies of Asia and South America. Obviously keeping a tropical tree spider in a dry setup without a vertical height for climbing would result in a stressed and short lived animal. Tropical, tree-dwelling species could be held in taller encloses with slightly less floor space than previously recommended. Likewise, deeper enclosures can be utilized for burrowing desert species. Given some time in their house, most tarantulas will start to make their own hide-outs, some moving around cage furnishings. This is good, let them do it.

You should keep in mind of some bare minimums common to all tarantula habitats. There should be a simple hiding structure or shelter such as a half-log or coconut hut, or maybe some pieces of rock or driftwood. However you choose to do it, remember the fundamental idea of creating your tarantula feel secure in the home.

Not scary beasts out to bite you, but rather, incredibly agile and interesting creatures. Tarantulas are delicate animals, and when handling them be very careful they do not fall, as they can be skittish and a brief fall can injure them seriously or even kill them.

It is a fact that tarantulas are not the best choice as a pet that you will have the ability to handle very much, but this is largely due to stress and danger to the spider rather than threat to the handler. For the tarantula operator, the chances of being bitten by a tarantula are very rare and even if through carelessness a bite should occur, the venom when injected into a person usually causes only minor swelling, with some numbness and itching that disappears in a short time. If it occurs, wash the bite site with soap and water and protect against disease.

Although they are not the cuddly variety, tarantulas are fascinating creatures that can be wonderful, gentle pets. The key to successfully owning any exotic animal is to learn as much as possible about the species itself and the care of it.

The customer is always rude

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Rude customers will be part of any company, sooner or later. Fortunately, there are ways to lessen the problems they may otherwise create for you. Here are 3 tips to help you cope well with customers who are rude:

Realize that rude clients generally are not upset with you

Sometimes, customers simply are having a bad day. Perhaps something earlier happened, which disappointed them. In other circumstances, they might be thinking about something bad from the distant past. You might ask these clients if you can help them in any way, and simply by drawing their attention to their behaviour, find that the situation immediately improves.

Empathize with your customers

Occasionally, the reason your customers are being rude is due to a defect (actual, perceived, or otherwise) with your product, service, or other portion of your company. In cases like this, you should do whatever you can to fix the problem, or find someone who can help more. The last thing a customer wants to hear is that”It is not my responsibility,””Our policy is (insert poor excuse here),” or a similar statement. Clients (even rude ones) want resolution, or at the very least, to be treated with kindness and understanding of their situation. While you may not be able to directly enhance the issue, you should under no circumstances make it worse. A little compassion can go a long way towards defusing the customer’s rudeness.

Recognize that some customers Can’t be pleased

For these clients, you may do everything possible, yet still be unable to satisfy them. In these instances, victory may mean just barely keeping them from leaving, and as long as you realize this, you can save yourself many headaches. At other times, you may finally realize that certain clients are merely a poor fit for your business. When clients are routinely rude, abusive, attempt to benefit from your business, or violate standards of acceptable behavior, then you should probably bid them farewell, and ask them not to return. In the truest sense, these aren’t clients, but rather problems which are waiting to happen, and there’s no reason that you wait until tragedy strikes.

In summary, it is possible to deal better with rude customers by taking a step back from the circumstance, empathizing with their problems, and realizing that some customers can’t be helped. When you use these suggestions, you will find rude customers to be no more challenging to deal with than any other customer.

Happiness is a state of mind

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A lot has been written about happiness and from psychology to philosophy, different theories of happiness have concentrated on topics of satisfaction, contentment, as well as spiritual liberation. But happiness is one of the very subjective mental states and several factors could be at play when a person is really pleased. Whereas anger or anxiety could be defined with bodily reactions and certain behavioural patterns, this isn’t so for happiness and that’s the way happiness is extremely subjective. For example one bar of chocolate could make 1 child happy whereas another kid would want two chocolate bars to feel genuinely happy.

Happiness is generally associated with some kind of profit or attainment. When we reach or attain something, we feel satisfied and this causes happiness. The attainment doesn’t have to be material, it might very well be religious. It might even be physical and bodily, just as an insomniac person would feel happy after a good night’s sleep. So, in defining joy we must find a particular material, spiritual or physical gain or attainment and the contentment arising because of this attainment. The question would arise whether it is possible to be happy with no attainment. I would say that it is not possible to joyful without attaining something and this attainment doesn’t need to be immediate and may be related any past accomplishment. Now, you could say that you do know somebody who is always happy without any particular reason. It’s that you have not found out the reason for his happiness. He may be a simple man with simple needs and happy after a warm bath or a nice meal, so that’s still some attainment.

Psychologists have used several versions including bio psychosocial and PERMA models to describe happiness suggesting that happiness is attained when our biological, psychological and sociological needs are satisfied or when there’s pleasure (bodily for example ), engagement (in some activity for instance), relationships, meaning (for example purpose of life) and achievements. I would disagree and suggest that happiness being extremely subjective, some people may just be happy attaining pleasures whereas others would seek meaning or possibly relationships and accomplishments. So the level or kind of success which makes one happy would vary from 1 person to another.

Thus some people are happy when their basic needs are fulfilled whereas some others would not be happy even after significant professional achievements because they might be expecting another level or kind of accomplishment. Thus happiness largely depends on our subjective understanding of what it means to be happy. Since happiness is so subjective it cannot be strictly placed within models or frameworks although the underlying common factor that makes people happy is always some type of attainment, gain or need fulfilment.

The next level of analysis is if happiness could be categorized to generalized happiness or a continuing happy state of mind and particular happiness for attaining one of the specific pleasures or goals. I’d suggest that there cannot be a generalized state of happiness without a particular reason. A seemingly happy person might not be genuinely happy or might be genuinely happy because he might have attained an exalted spiritual condition or accumulated substantial wealth. So again as we see a continued state of happiness could also be explained with attainment.

The attainment could be social when we form relationships and feel happy or simply speak to strangers at a large event or remain engaged in social action, or the attainment could be religious when we seek and even find some type of spiritual liberation. The attainment or desire fulfilment could be psychological when our love needs are fulfilled or when we reach our targets or fulfil our ambitions. The biological, emotional, social and religious aspects of attainment could offer happiness according to their needs. Thus happiness is intricately tied to our specific needs although these needs could be interrelated as for example the need for status or power could be both social and psychological.

Thus we differentiate the variables that could lead to happiness

1. Biological (bodily delights, basic needs)

2.

3. Psychological (emotional, love, friendship, personal achievements )

4. Spiritual (finding meaning and purpose, transpersonal needs)

There might be several reactions to happiness and this might vary from grinning to engaging in rigorous physical activity as joy could mean a sudden surge in energy levels. People who engage in physical activity are more likely to be happy because of improved blood circulation and general good health. However happiness being a very subjective emotional state, in order to feel genuinely happy, some accomplishment in terms of long term goals such as love or conjugal life, wealth, spiritual liberation, or professional accomplishment could assist a person to attain a continued happy frame of mind. The people that have a protracted state of happiness are generally lively, sporty, fun loving and optimistic. A child may show a protracted state of happiness when adequate care and love are provided by their parents or carers.

From a more psychoanalytic viewpoint, happiness would be linked to desire, libido, our energy levels and even the defense mechanisms that we unconsciously use to vent out our frustration and so stay happy or calm. Happiness would naturally raise our libidinal levels and make us more energetic and high levels of energy could in turn make us happy, so this process is cyclical.

Contemplating defense mechanisms, psychoanalysis can in a way indicate that happiness is in fact acting out or reaction formation when we show certain reactions that could be completely opposite to what we believe. For example in response formation we might show happiness, when in fact we are sad or depressed. Although genuine happiness could be clarified with psychoanalysis as well, as for instance, an artist is really happy when he can sublimate his desires to socially acceptable forms of expression through his imagination. A sportsman is really happy when he can channel his sexual or aggressive desires through game or rigorous activity. So these defense mechanisms in psychoanalysis might actually create genuine happiness in people because of the inherent survival and coping strategies involved in these defenses.

Finally, happiness being a state of mind would be completely subjective and would evoke extreme subjective reactions. As an example, someone laughs hearing a joke and feel happy about it and somebody else would be sarcastic or may not feel the same degree of excitement. As I have stated on the psychology of emotions, it would be necessary to determine the components of feeling and bodily reaction for every emotion including psychology and happiness has an extensive research project to consider for the future.